In this article, we cover:
Travel through Europe at high velocity
Train travel in Europe is more popular than ever and most of the train lines in Europe have been upgraded to transport passengers at a high speed, especially in Western European countries. But for the countries where high-speed train travel isn’t available just yet, it will probably be in the near future.
Obviously, this article will become abundant once all trains travel at high speed. For now, we made a small collection of the most interesting and popular high-speed trains in Europe, like we also made a list of all the night trains available in Europe.
High speed trains in Europe
As you can see on the map below, a lot of high-speed train connections are available in Europe, each of them operated by their respective local railway company or through a collaboration of different national railway companies. We tried to list the most important and most used high-speed trains in Europe to give you an idea of how the principle of high-speed trains in Europe works and which options you have when traveling in Europe by train.
Train à Grande Vitesse – TGV
The TGV is a French train operated by the French SNCF. It has been operational since 1981 and is equipped with one of the best security systems in the world. TGV trains have never experienced fatal accidents and trains have automatic brakes when risks are found en route. This high-speed train has been covering ground for a long time and it’s holding a worldwide speed record for conventional trains. Eurostar, as well as Thalys, are sub companies belonging to TGV. We listed them separately because they are very well known names in the high-speed train sector.
The TGV crosses entire France within hours
Different trajectories within France and onto the neighboring countries
The Thalys train is an international high-speed train that covers a lot of ground between France, Belgium, Germany, and The Netherlands. The train operates on a set trajectory between Amsterdam and Paris. Parts of this international connection has been available, at a slightly slower speed, since 1924. In the seventies, you could get from Paris to Brussels in 2 and a half hours. Today you can do the same trip in 1 hour and 25 minutes. Thalys currently operates with electric train models.
Reservations are mandatory for Thalys trips
Speed: Up to 300 km per hour
Air Conditioning for all travelers
On board Wi-Fi for all travelers
Charging sockets for all travelers
Train Managers can help you with every aspect of your trip and connections
Bicycles allowed (when packaged right)
Comfort with more spacious seats
Premium with more luxury, access to lounge areas in the train stations and food delivery to your seat.
The Thalys operates between major cities in:
France: Paris, Lille
Belgium: Bruxelles, Antwerp, Liège
Germany: Aachen, Köln, Düsseldorf, Duisburg, Dortmund, Essen
The Netherlands: Rotterdam, Amsterdam
Seasonal stops in France: Valence, Avignon, Aix-en-Provence, Marseille, Chambéry, Albertville, Moutiers, Aime-La-Plagne, Landry, Bourg Saint Maurice
The Eurostar shares a few railway tracks with the other high-speed trains in this list, but it is the only one so far that connects the European mainland with Great Britain, London to be more particular. The Eurostar is, after all, one of the only trains to pass through the tunnel under the sea between France and Great Britain and taking the Eurostar is an interesting experience. Building the Eurotunnel to connect England to the mainland has faced a lot of ups and downs and for this reason, the projects had been aborted during early starts. In 1988, the actual construction of the tunnel truly began and it was officially opened in 1994. Another key point: the Channel Tunnel runs under water for almost 40 km.
United Kingdom: London, Ebbsfleet, Ashford
France: Calais, Paris, Disneyland Paris, Lille, Lyon, Avignon, Marseille, Aime La Plagne
The Netherlands: Rotterdam, Amsterdam
But there are no meals available between Brussels, Lille, and Calais
Intercity Express – ICE and ICE Sprinter
Intercity Express trains are the flagship trains of the German rail system and it’s the high-speed international brother of the Intercity train network. The Intercity Express first came into service in 1985 and these trains have the highest possible comfort level in the area they cover. Prices are calculated station-to-station instead of at a per-kilometer fare. The first generation of ICE trains was introduced to the world in 1991. ICE Sprinter trains have fewer stops and travel at top speed to take you to your destination even faster.
Speed: Some Intercity Express trains have a maximum speed of 160 km per hour, while others have a maximum speed of up to 300 km per hour, depending on the trajectory and train type.
Charging sockets available
Intercity Express trains stop at major stations
The Intercity Express Sprinter train only stops at a few train stations
This image is part of the public domain and is available at Wikimedia Commons
Alta Velocidad Española – AVE
The Spanish high-speed train network is called AVE and is currently still being expanded. The Spanish AVE trains use the same technology used in the French TGV trains and the Spanish railway company RENFE collaborated with the French SNCF in order to create and expand their current high-speed train network. AVE offers national high-speed trains, as well as international connections which take travelers into France. Many of the AVE lines are already operational, but the Spanish RENFE is currently still expanding the high-speed rail network in Spain. The first operational AVE line was opened for travelers in 1992 and it was the line between Madrid and Seville.
Comfort levels and extra features depend on the type of train.
Medium distance train usually offer less comfort than long-distance trains
Most trains have air conditioning and charging sockets
Reservations are compulsory
AVE operates on long distance trajectories and medium distance or regional trajectories.
Spain: Madrid, Barcelona, Sevilla, Huesca, Malaga, Figueres, Allicante, Valencia,
France: Paris, Marseille, Lyon, Nimes, Carcassonne, Toulouse, Montpellier, Narbonne, Béziers, Agde, Sètes, Agde, Avignon, Valencia, Aix-en-Provence
Most medium distance and regional trains don’t offer this service.
On large distance trains, English
Other high-speed trains in Europe
A lot of European train travel is converting into high-speed train travel and most countries in Europe are working on the speed of their railway system. So it’s very likely to encounter more and more high-speed trains in Europe. The ones we listed above are either very well known or covering a lot of ground.
Some of the trains mentioned above are international trains or have a night train version. The trains we haven’t mentioned above are the Italian Frecce trains which also offer high-speed train connections in Italy and some of the smaller railway systems who only offer one or two lines to this date.
Additionally, check the map at the top of this article to see the high-speed train lines that are available at this time.
You can also check the Interrail website to see a full list of the current railway lines that already travel at high speed in Europe.